Did you know that your eyes age just as your body does?
Eyes often change over the course of a lifetime. As you get older your eyes are more prone to specific conditions that can affect your vision.
Some of the conditions that become more common with age are:
Presbyopia – The loss of the ability to see close objects or small print. This is a normal process which develops as the lens naturally hardens with age and loses the ability to focus fine detail efficiently. Focusing ability actually decreases steadily over a number of years but you may not notice any change until after the age of 40.
Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) – The most common cause of loss of vision in people over the age of 50. It often does not lead to complete blindness, but rather a loss of the central field of vision; peripheral vision remains intact.
Cataracts – When the lens of the eye toughens, and can also become cloudy or yellowed. The lens naturally becomes less flexible with age, which can decrease the eye’s ability to focus. When this is accompanied with cloudiness, vision will become impaired.
Some cataracts remain small and have minimal impact on vision, but if they become large and obstructive they can be removed during a relatively straightforward surgical procedure.
Glaucoma – When pressure increases within the eyeball. It develops when the normal flow of fluid between the cornea and the lens becomes blocked, and causes a build up of fluid in the eye.
Glaucoma can lead to permanent vision loss if not detected and treated early, although with minimal early symptoms, awareness can sometimes be difficult. For this reason it is very important to have regular eye tests, including tonometry assessments which measure the pressure in your eyeball.
It is recommended that individuals over the age of 65, or those with a family history of glaucoma, attend eye examinations annually rather than every two years. This is to ensure that we are able to fully assess your eyes frequently and detect any minor changes that may indicate a potential problem.
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